The African savanna elephant Animal Although it is also called the African bush or savanna elephant, this species – the largest of the 3 elephant species lives in varied habitats from desert to high rainforest. It has larger ears than the Asian elephant, a concave curve to its back, and 2 processes on the tip of the trunk rather than one (see opposite). Both male and female African savanna elephants have forward-curving tusks (incisor teeth), which are sometimes used as tools to loosen mineral-rich soil that is then eaten. Requiring substantial amounts of food and a large area in which to forage for it, a herd of African savanna elephants may cause dramatic changes to the environment, especially during prolonged periods of drought.
Length: 4-5cm (13-16ft)
Tail: 1-1.5 m
Weight: 2.8-6 tonnes
Social unit: Group
African savanna elephant Animal Pictures