The Bed bugs Insect human bedbug, Cimex lectularius, is a notorious worldwide pest. It feeds not only on humans but also on bats, chickens, and other domestic animals. When feeding, it moves slowly over the skin, biting every few steps. It can survive for over a year without a blood meal. Length 0.2-0.3 inches (4 – 7 mm).
- Common name: Bedbugs
- Family: Cimicidae
- Suborder: Heteroptera
- Order: Hemiptera
- Class /subphylum: Insecta /Hexapoda
- Number of species: About 80 (4 U.S.)
- Size:From about 0.1 in (3 mm) to 0.2 in (5 mm)
Key features: Body oval and flattened (appearing more rounded after a blood feed), color yellowish to brown; wingless
Habits: All species are parasites on surface of birds and mammals, including humans; active by night, when they come out to feed
Breeding: Male bugs penetrate the body of the female and inject sperm into the body fluid; eggs are laid in crevices near the host animal
Diet: Blood feeders
Habitat: Birds’ nests, cellars, and caves inhabited by bats; human habitations
Distribution: Worldwide, but mostly in the tropics.