The European Hedgehog Animal are they only spiny mammal found in Great Britain. They have a European Hedgehog Animal body length between 22 and 27 cms (9 – 10.5 inches), a very European Hedgehog Animal small tail and they weigh between 0.9 and 1 Kgs (2 – 2.25 lbs)
The European Hedgehog Animal was named because of its peculiar foraging methods, These European Hedgehog Animal root through hedges and snails mice frogs and snakes European Hedgehog Animal.
European Hedgehog Animal Facts:
- Length: 22-27 cm
- Tail: None
- Weight: o.9-1 kg
- Social unit: Individual
- Status: Least concern
The densely spined European hedgehog roams in urban parks and gardens as well as in hedgerows, fields, and woods at night, nosing – with pig-like snuffling (hence “-hog”) – for small animals such as worms, insects, and spiders. It also takes birds’ eggs and carrion.
Its day shelter is a nest of grass and leaves under a bush, log, or outbuilding or in an old burrow. During hibernation, it may wake on mild nights to feed. Mating takes place from May to October and gestation takes 31-35 days. The spines of the 4-5 young appear within hours of birth.
Hedgehogs and relatives
Formerly classified with shrews and moles in the order Insectivora, hedgehogs and moonrats are larger – mostly nocturnal – animals, with proportionately bigger eyes and ears. Their coat has long hair (moonrats), or hairs on the back and sides are modified into protective spines (hedgehogs).
When threatened, hedgehogs may roll into a spiny ball, concealing the vulnerable face and underparts. Moonrats are restricted to tropical Southeast Asia, but hedgehogs occur throughout Eurasia and Africa, and some species are adapted to deserts.
Both groups are predators of small animals (mostly invertebrates), but hedgehogs take carrion, fruit, roots, and nuts, too.
Immunity to snake venom allows a hedgehog to take advantage of any snake it comes across as a food source.
The purpose of “self-anointing”, when a hedgehog twists around to lick and smear its spines and skin with its own frothy saliva, is dependent on age, sex, and season The saliva is mixed with a range of strong-smelling substances and toxins, and could be a way for hedgehogs to mask their own scent.
The hedgehog runs and climbs with surprising agilty. In self-defence it tucks its non-spiny head and legs onto its belly and rolls into a prickly ball