The Firefly Insect wingless, larvalike female of the firefly Lampyris noctiluca has light-producing organs that are carried in her last three abdominal segments. This European species of grassland firefly reaches 0.6 inches (15 mm) in length.
Common name: fireflies (lightning bugs)
- Family: Lampyridae
- Suborder: Polyphaga
- Order: Coleoptera
- Class/subphylum: Insecta/Hexapoda
- Number of species: About 2,000 (about 136 US)
- Size: From about 0.2 in (5 mm) to about 0.8 in (20 mm)
Key features: Body drab brown or blackish; when viewed from above, head is more or less concealed beneath the pronotum, Firefly which is also very broad (almost as broad as the elytra); body soft and flattened with sides generally parallel, females often with short wings or wingless and larvalike (larviform); antennae threadlike or often sawtoothed; luminous organ usually present on tip of abdomen
Habits: All larvae and most adults are luminescent, Firefly light production takes place only during the night by day the adults rest on foliage and are inconspicuous
Breeding: Males fly around flashing their lights at night: the perched females reply with their own lights, acting as a beacon to which the males can easily fly for mating; some species are not luminescent or only weakly so and are active in daytime
Diet: The adults of most species apparently do not feed females of some species attract and feed on of unrelated species; the larvae are carnivorous, feeding on insect larvae, mites, snails, and slugs
Habitat: Firefly Mainly in forests; also in grasslands, gardens, riversides, and swamps
Distribution: Worldwide, avoiding very cold or dry areas; most abundant in the tropics.
Firefly Insect Pictures: