Grasshoppers Insect Facts
At rest this European grasshopper, oedipoda miniata, resembles mottled stone. When disturbed, however, it flies off on an erratic course and flashes its brightly colored wings to startle its attacker. Oedipoda miniata is found across southern Europe. Body length up to 0.8 inches (20 mm).
Common name: Grasshoppers (short-horned grasshoppers), locusts
class/subphylum: Insecta Hexapoda
Number of species: About 7,000 (550 U.S.) Size From about 0.4 in (10 mm) to about 6 in (15 cm)
Key features: Antennae short, sometimes clubbed, wings fully developed in most species although often absent in mountaindwelling species, hind legs long and powerful for jumping; sound usually produced by rubbing hind legs against the forewings; ears on sides of the abdomen
Habits: May be found on the ground, on grasses, low plants, bushes, and trees, some species jump, others fly readily to escape danger, locusts migrate over long distances
Breeding: Males attract females with a song; alternatively, they may look for them in a silent, active search followed by visual courtship, females of most species lay their eggs into the ground or at the base of plants
Diet: Many different kinds of plants, only a small number feed on grass Habitat Meadows, parks, gardens, savanna, forests of all kinds, mountains, deserts marshes, and salt marshes
Distribution: Widespread around the world in all but the very coldest regions.
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