Nonbiting midges insect facts
There are many Chironomus species midges, found almost all over the world. The larvae of some Chironomus species construct mud tubes in which they live Adult body length about 0.4 inches (10 mm) .
Common name: Nonbiting midges
Suborder: Nematocera Order: Diptera
Class/subphylum: Insecta Hexapoda
Number of species: 5,000 (about 820 U.S.)
Size: From as small as 0.06 in (1.5 mm) to 0.4 in (10 mm)
Key features: Resemble mosquitoes, but wings held parallel along body instead of folded over each other; no long, sucking proboscis, ocelli absent, antennae of male very feathery
Habits: Unless forming mating swarms, they just sit around on vegetation; at night may be attracted to lights in large numbers
Breeding: Form large mating swarms, some species are parthenogenetic (producing offspring in the absence of males)
Diet: Adults short-lived and do not feed; larvae feed mainly on plant material, but some are carnivorous, others parasitic
Habitat: Almost any habitat except for very dry areas
Distribution: Worldwide from the Arctic to the Antarctir (with 2 known species), but absent from very dry regions.
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