The Scarab Beetles Giant among beetles, male Hercules beetles, dynastes Hercules, from central and south America fight using their horns as pry bars to topple each other over and off tree trunks. Scarab Beetles Insect Length up to 7 inches (18 cm).
Scarab Beetle Insect Facts:
- Common name: Scarab beetles
- Family: Scarabaeidae
- Suborder: Polyphaga
- Order: Coleoptera
- Class/subphylum: Insecta/Hexapoda
- Number of species: About 20,500 (about 1,380 U.S.)
- Size: From about 0.2 in (4 mm) to about 7 in (18 cm)
Key features: Body usually stout and heavy, oval or oval elongate, often brightly colored, especially in the tropics; antennae unique, elbowed, and tipped with a series of flat, Scarab Beetles Insect elongated leaflike plates (lamellae) that can be separated by opening them up like a fan or closed to form a club: a few species have divided eyes.
Habits: Enormously varied; some are associated with dung, some with flowers, and others with roots or leaves; many species only active at dusk or after dark, others only in warm sunshine.
Breeding: Many species have horned males that fight over access to females, some species form “balls” of males scuffling over a single female: male chafers tend to form aerial swarms to attract females; dung rolling beetles collect dung, others make a “compost” from plant material; many species lay eggs in trees or roots
Diet: Larvae feed on dung, leaves, fruit, roots, fungi, carrion, and bones; many adults only eat pollen and nectar
Habitat: Almost anywhere, as common in deserts and pastures as in forests or gardens, some species inhabit the nests of mammals, birds, or termites
Distribution: More or less throughout the world wherever insect life is possible on dry land.