The Sloths and Anteaters Animal order Pilosa is a group of placental mammals, extant today only in the Americas. It includes the anteaters and sloths, including the extinct ground sloths, which became extinct about 10,000 years ago.
Sloths and Anteaters Animal Facts:
- Lifespan: 16 years
- Scientific name: Pilosa
- Higher classification: Xenarthra
- Mass: 33 – 41 kg
- Gestation period: 183 days
- Length: 1.8 – 2.2 m
Sloths and anteaters are a tropical American group of mammals united by a coarse coat and a highly specialized diet: tubular-snouted anteaters are insectivorous and slow-moving. Sloths are vegetarian, mainly eating leaves of a limited number of tree species.
They have reduced dentition: sloths have only cheek teeth, and anteaters lack teeth altogether Anteaters rip apart nests of ants and termites using enlarged front claws, and lap up prey with a long tongue and sticky saliva. Giant anteaters are ground-dwellers, but other species climb.
Sloths are entirely arboreal: they have long, slender forelimbs for climbing through branches, long claws for grasping, and have complex digestive systems for digesting foliage.
The termite mound being inspected by this giant anteater is incredibly hard and strong, but the giant anteater inspecting it will have no problem breaking into it if it is hungry.
Sloths and Anteaters Animal Images: