Spittlebug Insect meadow Spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius, is found in North America and Europe. Shown here are two of the 11 color variations Length about 0.2 inches (5-6 mm). Cercopis vulnerata is from Europe. Length 0.3-0.4 inches (9-11 mm).
Spittlebug Insect Facts:
- Common name: spittlebugs (froghoppers, cuckoo – spit insects)
- Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
- class/subphylum: Insecta/ Hexapoda
- Number of species: About 2,400 (54 us)
- Size: From about 0.12 in (3 mm) to 0.8 in (20 mm)
Key features: Rather squat body shaped like a miniature frog, with powerful hind legs for jumping long distances in relation to body size; either brownish or with bright warning colors; forewings leathery and colored; tibiae cylindrical (unlike the similar-looking leafhoppers, which have tibiae with an angular cross section); nymphs easily recognizable, living in a mass of froth
Habits:Normally found sitting on food plants; many adults not noticeable unless they jump
Breeding:Females lay eggs in crevices on or near food plants, or directly into soil; some produce protective secretion around eggs
Diet: Some adults feed from parts of plants growing above ground, as do many nymphs; others fee from plant roots
Habitat: Meadows, gardens, grassland, forests moors, mountains, and deserts
Distribution: Worldwide, with may temperate species.