Termite Insect Facts with Images

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A soldier-caste Nasutitermes sp. Termite Insect, known as a “nasute” soldier. The species is found in forest undergrowth in lowland areas of Central and South America. Length 0.2 inches (5 mm).

Termite Insect Facts:

Common name: Termites (white ants)

Order: Isoptera

Class: Insecta

Subphylum: Hexapoda

Number of species: About 2,300 (44 U.S.)

Size: From about 0.2 in (5 mm) to 1 in (2.5 cm)

Key features: Social insects with kings, queens, soldiers, and workers; jaws typically used for biting and chewing; compound eyes (may be reduced or absent: antennae slim and about the same length as the thorax; membranous wings present in sexual forms, absent in workers and soldiers; soldiers often with large jaws or a snoutlike extension of the head; nymphs resemble wingless adults

Habits: Social insects with colonies of up to millions of individuals, live in the ground, often within mounds, or burrow into wood

Breeding: Winged sexual forms fly from colonies, females land and release pheromones to attract males; queens lay large numbers of eggs and are fed and looked after by workers

Diet: Fungi and decaying plant material

Habitat: Forests, savanna, semidesert, and desert

Distribution: Worldwide, but mainly tropical; just a few species in warm, temperate zones.

Termite Insect Pictures Collection:

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