A soldier-caste Nasutitermes sp. Termite Insect, known as a “nasute” soldier. The species is found in forest undergrowth in lowland areas of Central and South America. Length 0.2 inches (5 mm).
Termite Insect Facts:
Common name: Termites (white ants)
Number of species: About 2,300 (44 U.S.)
Size: From about 0.2 in (5 mm) to 1 in (2.5 cm)
Key features: Social insects with kings, queens, soldiers, and workers; jaws typically used for biting and chewing; compound eyes (may be reduced or absent: antennae slim and about the same length as the thorax; membranous wings present in sexual forms, absent in workers and soldiers; soldiers often with large jaws or a snoutlike extension of the head; nymphs resemble wingless adults
Habits: Social insects with colonies of up to millions of individuals, live in the ground, often within mounds, or burrow into wood
Breeding: Winged sexual forms fly from colonies, females land and release pheromones to attract males; queens lay large numbers of eggs and are fed and looked after by workers
Diet: Fungi and decaying plant material
Habitat: Forests, savanna, semidesert, and desert
Distribution: Worldwide, but mainly tropical; just a few species in warm, temperate zones.